There are a number of fruit trees that gardeners can grow. A previous article written was about citrus trees, particularly lemon and lime trees. Lemon Meyer is the most popular lemon tree and the lime tree could possibly be the Kaffir tree. There are several lime trees that one could choose depending on whether one want the limes for its juice in lime drinks or Asian cooking – using not only the lime juice but also the lime leaves which are aromatic.
Many people grow apple or plum trees but these need a large section as they can grow to about five metres high. This can be a problem for a smaller section, particularly in terms of maintenance of leaves in autumn, spraying for coddle moth and loss of sunlight.
Apple trees are available in dwarf sized trees that grow to about two metres high and wide and therefore suitable for a small garden. Heritage trees are sought after as they produce excellent flavours and many are disease resistant. Comfrey plant is an excellent companion plant to grow under apple trees.
Passionfruit plant grows in a sunny spot in the garden against a wall and produces dozens of purple passionfruit after a year or so. It needs a cool root system and plenty of compost each year as it is considered a heavy feeder.
Peach, apricot and nectarine trees require special treatment such as spraying several times a year to ensure they remain free from disease. Once again it is wise to consider heritage trees that are disease resistant with excellent flavour.
There are a number of dwarf varieties in these types of fruit trees. Alternatively, small gardens suit espalier grown trees for apple or pear against a fence or shed wall, or family planting where several plants are gown in a small hole of about one metre square. Another method is buying a tree that is dual or triple grafted but there can be difficulties in pruning so that one variety does not become dominant.